Understanding Corneal Laceration
If you want to learn about what corneal laceration is then you should continue reading. This article talks about what it is, what its symptoms are and how doctors treat this condition. Each will be discussed further to give you a clear understanding on what corneal laceration is.It is generally described as an injury in the cornea which is characterized as a cut. It can be categorized as either a partial or a full thickness injury.
While a partial thickness injury does not invade the globe of the or is simply an abrasion, a full thickness injury penetrates through the cornea which results in a ruptured globe. A full thickness injury is usually considered as true corneal laceration. It is usually caused by strike to the eye by foreign objects such as a shards of wood, glass or metal.Corneal laceration is a serious eye injury that needs immediate medical treatment to avoid any permanent damage and vision loss.
In case of injury, it is important to avoid any contact or pressure on the area of injury. Contrary to common belief, rinsing with water can make the injury worse. If access to medical treatment from a professional is not available, place a protective cover such as a paper cup fixed on the bones surrounding the eye. This is to protect the eye until medical assistance is available. Most corneal lacerations can be prevented by wearing eye protection gear when engaging into high risk activities.A person with corneal laceration will experience severe pain, sensitivity to light, blurred vision, bleeding, and a feeling of having a small object stuck in the eye.
While a person with this injury might have the urge to get rid of these symptoms by applying pressure in the eye, doing so can make the injury worse so it is better to leave it to medical professionals.Prior to treatment, an ophthalmologist performs an eye examination to determine the extent and nature of the injury. He will determine whether it falls under the partial thickness or full thickness injury category. Diagnosis may include putting eye drops that numb the eye so the eye lids can stay open during the examination.
Fluorescein eye stain test may be included in the diagnosis as well. This test uses orange dye in the eye and a blue light to determine the damaged area in the cornea.In most cases of corneal laceration, surgery is necessary to treat the damage as well as to remove any external objects that are still in the eye due to the trauma. Severe cases of laceration may require several surgeries.
There are severe cases that can result to permanent loss of vision. After the surgery, the patient will be instructed to put an eye patch on the eye for protection. Additionally, medications can be provided including pain relievers to help heal the injury. Individuals with corneal lacerations may have other eye complications such as retinal detachment and glaucoma. Therefore, it is important to visit the ophthalmologist regularly until the injury is completely healed.